Proficiency in spelling has a positive influence on overall writing competence, and general enjoyment and fluency in reading. It is well established that spelling is an essential part of being a literate writer. Becoming a writer is a complex endeavour that requires an understanding of a culturally distinctive sign system, and an application of this system in a way that has communicative intent. While writing provides a means for intellectual inquiry and creative expression, it is facilitated by the successful application of the spelling, grammar and punctuation conventions, particular to the English language.
Research has offered various perspectives on the nature of spelling development in the primary school years; however evidence has not been substantive enough to provide consensus on whether spelling develops in progressive and distinct stages, or whether spelling develops in more complex ways.